L’OIF et le financement du développement

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Francophonie
2011-05
Al Ayam

L’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) a organisé le 15 avril 2011 à Washington (Etats-Unis), en collaboration avec Debt Relief International (DRI), une rencontre des ministres des Finances des pays francophones à faible revenu, en marge des assemblées de printemps de la Banque mondiale et du FMI.
Organisée en marge des Assemblées de printemps de la Banque mondiale et du Fonds monétaire international (FMI), cette rencontre de haut niveau a permis aux ministres présents de se concerter sur la question cruciale du financement du développement et de la dette.
Réunis sous la présidence conjointe des ministres des Finances du Cameroun et de la République démocratique du Congo, les participants ont souligné l’urgence d’instaurer des mécanismes innovants de financement du développement.
A l’issue de la réunion, les ministres francophones ont déclaré que les besoins considérables de financement du développement exigeaient des ressources nouvelles et additionnelles. A ce titre, ils ont exprimé avec force leur soutien à l’adoption rapide d’une taxe sur les transactions financières (TTF), proposition actuellement portée par la République française et la République fédérale d’Allemagne.
Les ministres ont par ailleurs encouragé tous les pays, à commencer par les membres du G20, « à adopter - ou accroitre la portée - d’une telle taxe dans les délais les plus brefs, à s’engager sur le caractère additionnel des ressources dégagées, et complémentairement à redéfinir les critères d’allocation pour tenir compte des besoins de chaque pays et de leur vulnérabilité structurelle ».