La finance islamique et la crise de l’économie contemporaine

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Parution
2012-11
Cet article a été publié dans: 
Numéro 57 - Novembre 2012

 

La crise financière et économique commencée en 2008 a montré les failles de l’idéologie et de la pratique d’un système financier international qui a perdu de vue la dimension humaine de l’économie. 

 

Aujourd’hui, on s’interroge sur la nécessité de réconcilier économie et humanisme. Sur cette question essentielle pour l’avenir de l’humanité, l’Islam, a assurément  un rôle à  jouer car il est porteur  d’une éthique économique, que l’on retrouve également dans la religion catholique. C’est d’ailleurs ce que constatait  deux auteurs du journal du Vatican L’Osservatore Romano, dans un article intitulé « La finance islamique des propositions et des idées pour l’Occident en crise ». 

Or, la finance islamique apparait en bonne forme par rapport au système conventionnel. Elle  a connu un essor avec un  taux de croissance dépassant les 15 %  par an. Les principes éthiques sur lesquels est basée la finance islamique rapprochent les banques de leurs clients et du véritable esprit qui devrait caractériser tous services financiers. Est-ce que la Finance islamique pourrait contribuer à redonner de nouvelles règles alors que  le système bancaire et financier international connait une crise de confiance ? Cet ouvrage, d’une grande actualité, tente de répondre à cette question qui concerne des enjeux décisifs en réunissant les contributions de juristes et d’économistes afin d’examiner tous les aspects du problème. 

 

L’ouvrage est publié  par l’Observatoire d’études géopolitiques à Paris, dans la collections « études géopolitiques » éditée par les éditions Karthala (www.karthala.com).  Les directeurs de publication sont le professeur Charles Saint-Prot, universitaire spécialiste de l’Islam et directeur de l’Observatoire d’études géopolitiques de Paris et le professeur Thierry Rambaud de  l’Université Paris Descartes et de Sciences Po Paris. Parmi les auteurs figurent Abdel-Maoula Chaar (ESA-Beyrouth), Bernard Fevry (HEC France, ESCP Europe), Michel Ruimy (ESCP Europe) et  Henri-Louis Védie (HEC France).