Les pays européens injectent 345 millions d’euros dans le complexe solaire marocain

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ECONOMIE MONDE ARABE
2012-12
Cet article a été publié dans: 
Numéro 58 - Décembre 2012

 

A travers son plan de développement des énergies vertes, le Maroc aspire à porter la part de sa capacité électrique installée à partir d'énergies renouvelables (éoliennes, solaires, hydrauliques) à 42 % à l'horizon 2020. Dans le cadre de ce plan ambitieux, deux initiatives majeures ont été lancées, à savoir le Plan solaire d'un investissement de 70 milliards de dirhams (près de 7 milliards d’euros) et le Programme éolien de 31,5 milliards de dirhams ( env. 3 milliards d’euros) qui permettront au Maroc d'économiser 2,5 millions de tonnes d'équivalent pétrole en combustible fossile, soit plus d’un milliard d’euros de dépense annuelle. Dans le cadre du Plan solaire, la centrale thermosolaire d'Ouarzazate constitue une étape importante pour la réalisation du Plan solaire national qui prévoit le déploiement d'une capacité de production d'énergie solaire de 2.000 MW d'ici à 2020.

Le Roi Mohammed VI a présidé, le 19 novembre 2012 à Marrakech, la cérémonie de signature des documents relatifs au financement, à la construction et à l'exploitation de la première centrale du complexe solaire d'Ouarzazate. Neuf conventions ont été paraphées dont trois avec des organismes européens (la Banque européenne d’investissement, l’Agence française de développement et la Banque allemande de développement (KFW). En tout, ces trois institutions ont déboursé plus de 300 millions d’euros, en guise de prêts.  Ce soutien financier a été facilité par “'octroi d'une aide non remboursable de 30 millions d’euros de l'Union européenne fin 2011. Avec 345 millions d’euros au total, le soutien européen a permis de financer  plus de la moitié du coût total du projet.

 

A cette occasion, le président du directoire de la Moroccan Agency For Solar Energy (MASEN), Mustapha Bakkoury, a prononcé une allocution dans laquelle il a présenté l'état d'avancement du plan solaire marocain, les étapes clés du processus de développement de la première centrale du complexe solaire d'Ouarzazate et les perspectives d'avenir. M. Bakkoury a indiqué que la réalisation de cette première centrale est l'expression concrète de la priorité majeure qu'accorde le Roi au développement des énergies renouvelables, comme moyen optimal permettant au Royaume de répondre aux défis de la sécurité d'approvisionnement en énergies, de la préservation de l'environnement et du développement durable. La première phase du complexe solaire de Ouarzazate sera mise en exploitation en 2015.